5 måder at undgå malaria på i Sri Lanka

Da Sri Lanka er hjemsted for en række malaria-endemiske områder, er det vigtigt at holde øje med sygdommen og tage forholdsregler. Her er nogle tips til, hvordan du kan undgå malaria i Sri Lanka:

Undgå myggestik

Malaria er en sygdom, som kan forebygges ved at undgå myggestik. Du kan undgå myg ved at bære lange ærmer, bruge insektspray og ved at dække udsat hud med tøj eller net.

Tag en malariatablet før du rejser til Sri Lanka

Malaria overføres gennem myggestik; derfor er det vigtigt at tage en malariapille, inden man rejser til Sri Lanka. Det anbefales også, at du tager malariapillen under dit ophold i Sri Lanka.

Få foretaget en malariatest, før du besøger landet

Før du rejser til Sri Lanka, er det vigtigt at få bekræftet din malariarisiko, inden du rejser. Du kan få en malariatest på et af sundhedscentrene i landet eller gennem en privat klinik, hvis du besøger landet i en længere periode. Rejs med passende beskyttelsesbeklædning Det anbefales at bære lange ærmer, lange bukser og en myggejakke, når du opholder dig i myggebefængte områder i Sri Lanka. Insektspray anbefales også stærkt. Drik rigeligt med vand Undgå te og kaffe; drik i stedet vand eller fortyndet frugtsaft, der ikke indeholder sukker, for at undgå dehydrering. Undgå alkohol, når du rejser i områder, hvor malaria er udbredt Alkohol dehydrerer kroppen og nedsætter dens evne til at bekæmpe sygdomme som malaria. Dehydrering øger også risikoen for at blive smittet med malaria, fordi alkohol nedsætter immunsystemets funktion.

Brug insektmiddel og sov under et net

Mothballs, citronellalys, myggebånd og luftfriskere er alle effektive måder at holde myggene på afstand på. Brug et myggenet, hvis du sover udenfor. Myggenet er en billig og nem måde at beskytte dig mod malaria på, mens du sover eller hviler dig om dagen.

Hold dig indendørs mellem skumring og daggry

Den bedste måde at undgå malaria på er at holde sig indendørs på de tidspunkter, hvor myggene er mest aktive. I Sri Lanka er det tidspunkt, hvor myggene er mest aktive, fra skumring til daggry. Hvis du opholder dig indendørs, er der ingen grund til at bekymre dig om myggestik og dine chancer for at få malaria.

Undersøg stedet, før du rejser

Før du rejser, er det vigtigt at undersøge det sted, du skal besøge, og lære om risiciene. Det kan du gøre ved at se på websteder som World Health Oragnization (WHO) og Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Disse organisationer offentliggør regelmæssigt oplysninger om, hvor malaria er endemisk i Sri Lanka, så det er vigtigt at være opmærksom på disse statistikker. Rejs ikke til områder, der betragtes som højrisikoområder Hvis du planlægger at rejse til Sri Lanka, er det vigtigt at undgå at tage til områder, der anses for at være højrisiko-områder. Dette omfatter områder langs begge Sri Lankas grænser til Indien og lande i Sydøstasien såsom Indonesien, Thailand, Myanmar, Vietnam, Cambodja, Laos og Malaysia.

Konklusion

Landet er hjemsted for anslået 3,2 millioner mennesker, der er smittet med sygdommen, og mere end halvdelen af befolkningen er i risiko for at blive smittet med sygdommen. Den bedste måde at undgå malaria på i Sri Lanka er at holde sig indendørs på dette tidspunkt af dagen og undgå myggestik. Rejsende bør også tage en malariatablet før rejsen til Sri Lanka og få foretaget en malariatest, inden de rejser til landet.

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